Article - HAIFA 80
HAIFA 80 National Stamp Exhibition
This stamp depicts Haifa bay as it was viewed in the seventeenth century. The first settlers of this town, dating back to the Bronze age, were sailors, fishermen, and shipbuilders, who also introduced the production of the much prized purple dye derived from the murex snail found locally. Haifa proper began to develop only after the Roman conquest of Jerusalem in 70 CE.
Haifa's modern history began in the mid-nineteenth century when sea traffic slowly increased, harbor facilities were improved, and roads were built. When eventually the railway reached Haifa in 1905 there was a firm basis for a prosperous future. In fact, Theodor Herzl's Altneuland, published at the turn of the twentieth century, stressed Haifa's position in his projected Jewish State as one of the utmost importance. Indeed, Haifa has become the third largest city in Israel. It provides a wealth of industry, commerce, trade, tourism, culture, and education as well as boasting a population of 225,000.
For more information on the history and formation of Haifa see Landscapes of Israel; Haifa.
Picture on Souvenir Sheet: A view of Haifa from the sea as shown on 17th century etching.
The etching is a work of Olfert Dapper 1635-1689
Dutch writer, geographer, historian, translator
from his book:
Naukeurige beschryving van gantsch Syrie, en Palestyn of Heilige Lant..., Amsterdam: Meurs, 1677