Article - Israel-Brazil Joint Issue
Israel-Brazil Joint Issue
From Jaffa to Tel Aviv
and from Olinda to Recife
The relationship between Israel and Brazil began on the eve of the establishment of the State of Israel, aided by Brazilian statesman Osvaldo Aranha, who chaired the United Nations meeting on November 29, 1947 and contributed to passing the resolution that established the Jewish State in Eretz Israel. Although Israel is one of the smallest nations on the planet and Brazil is the fifth largest in the world, the bilateral relations between these two countries are blossoming. They have compatible economies and their differences allow an exchange of knowledge and resources based on each country’s strengths. Full diplomatic relations exist continuously in all fields.
Israel and Brazil are both pluralistic multi-cultural immigrant societies that appreciate the bonds between people, the human sacrifice and unity that strengthen us in our strongest and weakest moments. Both countries share common values, such as that of solidarity, which has been expressed over the years in international organizations, and through humanitarian aid and diplomatic relations.
Mr. Yossi Avraham Shelley
Israeli Ambassador in Brazil
The joint issue stamps - featuring Tel Aviv next to Jaffa (Yafo) and Recife next to Olinda - represent two adjacent cities that grew alongside each other but developed in different directions. One preserved its historic al and traditional characteristics, while the other developed into a widespread modern metropolis.
Historically, the gap between Jaffa and Tel Aviv, which both lie on the Mediterranean Sea shore, is very large. Jaffa is one of the most ancient cities in Eretz Israel, and archeological evidence shows that it was settled as early as the 18th century BCE.
Tel Aviv was established in 1909 as a neighborhood of Jaffa. In the early 1920’s it was declared to be a separate city and quickly became the economic, commercial and cultural center of Eretz Israel. In 1950, the two cities were merged into one municipality named Tel Aviv-Jaffa. To a large extent, Jaffa has preserved its ancient character, with houses and archeological finds that reflect the rich history of Eretz Israel and the numerous cultures that ruled it. The material culture of Tel Aviv reflects more modern times, from the cluster of buildings constructed in the international Bauhaus style (which was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site) to the modern buildings that attest to the city’s standing as a vibrant center of innovation.
Olinda and Recife were established near each other along the Atlantic coast in the 16th century. Olinda was founded in 1535 and Recife in 1537, and during their first 100 years both cities developed similarly. Each was established by Portuguese settlers who mainly made their living by growing sugar cane in the rich soil surrounding the cities. However, Olinda was granted preferred status and the main cathedral for the region was constructed there in 1540. In 1630, both cities were conquered by the Dutch and the new regime made Recife the regional capital. The Kahal Zur Israel Synagogue, the first synagogue in the “new world”, was founded in Recife in 1636. Recife’s higher status remained intact when the region returned to Portuguese rule in 1654 and the city continued to develop rapidly. Today, Recife is a modern city that serves as the capital of an area with millions of inhabitants, while Olinda, which has preserved much of its ancient character and was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site constitutes part of the modern metropolis of Recife.
With thanks to Ms. Lais Botler for her help in planning the stamp.