Article - Netanya '76 Stamp Exhibition
Netanya 76 Stamp Exhibition
Netanyah's origins can be traced back to the year 1929 when a group of young people, the children of settlers from Galilee, decided to establish a group of settlements along the coastal plain which would be devoted to the cultivation of citrus fruits. Their first step was to set up an urban-agricultural settlement near the Arab village of Um Haled. Due to the bloody disturbances which broke out just at that time and in view of the political and security situation, they decided to modify the original plan and set up a purely urban settlement. Plans were drawn up for the founding of a town, and in 1936 the first master plan was completed.
This plan was based on an area of 10,000 dunams, comprising for the most part agricultural land, which was already planted with citrus groves, and a narrow strip of sandy soil along the coast.
The influx of immigrants from Europe after World War II and the transfer of the diamond industry from the Netherlands, added an industrial dimension to Netanyah and steps were taken to enlarge the municipal area, at first to the east, by erecting an industrial park. Following the establishment of the State of Israel, the city expanded southwards at a pace which rapidly doubled and then trebled its original size.
Netanyah has been blessed by nature with a delightful beach and the town quickly developed into an internationally known holiday resort. The first holiday makers to discover Netanyah was the local Israeli population - particularly the Jerusalemites - but it was not long before Netanyah's fame spread overseas, particularly to the countries of northern Europe whose inhabitants return year after year to spend part of the winter months away from their own harsh climate. As a result, Netanyah developed into a year-round holiday resort and numerous hotels sprang up, mostly designed to cater to the tourist of average means. These were later complemented by several first-class luxury hotels.
All forms of business enterprises, large and small, were founded in Netanyah, including such industrial branches as rubber, textiles, dyeing, metal and welding, pharmaceuticals, food, and drink. Israel's diamond industry made its first home in Netanyah and has become a prime factor in the town's economy.
A combined residential, commercial, and administrative center has been built to the south of the city. This center reflects the importance of Netanyah which has become the regional center for the whole Sharon area. The stretch of land adjacent to the seashore has been converted into a broad strip of public parks in which hotels and entertainment facilities abound for tourists and inhabitants alike. Generous areas have been set aside for regional services.
Netanyah today plays an important role in absorbing new immigrants. The town is, in fact, one of the major centers of immigration from the prosperous and under-developed countries alike.
For more on Netanyah see Landscapes of Israel; Netanyah.