Article - Centenary of World Scouting
The World Scout Movement Marks a Centenary
The scout movement was established in 1907 by a British army officer, Robert Baden-Powell, with the aim of educating youngsters in England toward a healthier lifestyle that would include sports and nature activities, thereby improving their fitness as future soldiers in the service of the British Empire.
He formulated the idea of founding the scout movement in1899-1900 during the Boer War between the British and the Dutch settlers in South Africa. During this period, Baden-Powell was in charge of the defense of the city Mafeking, then under siege by Boer forces, and was assisted by a cadet corps of teenage boy volunteers who had been trained in auxiliary defense tasks.
In the summer of 1907, upon his return to England, Baden-Powell assembled a group of 21 boys and set up a week-long nature camp with them, implementing his ideas about youth activities.
In 1908, he published a book, titled Scouting for Boys, to wide acclaim. His ideas were disseminated by British educators and army officers, at first in the British Empire and later throughout the world, leading to the establishment of numerous scout groups in all parts of the world.
The Israel Boy and Girl Scouts Federation was established in 1919, and the first scout tribe, named the Carmel Ramblers, was formed in Haifa by Arie Croch, who led the Hebrew Scouts Movement for many years.
The principles of the scout movement
Scouting is a movement identified with the values of the society in which it functions. Educating toward love of homeland is a fundamental principle of scouting. The attributes demanded of the scout are to carry out such ethical values as honesty, love of one's fellow-man/woman, mutual help, and purity of act, speech and thought. An emphasis is placed on good deeds performed daily.
An important scouting ideal is education for service, meaning a life style in which the individual devotes his/her best efforts to the society in which he/she functions. In the Hebrew Scouts Movement, this forms the basis for graduates to undertake a year of service, namely, a year of community volunteer work and self-realization.
In recent years, the Hebrew Scouts Movement has designated the topic of social responsibility and equal opportunities as its top priority. Guided by professional bodies, the movement carries out educational projects tailored to the distinctive needs of children and teens, such as youth at risk, youth in the Ethiopian community, and youth with special education needs, with the scout principles underlying all these volunteer projects.
The Israel Boy and Girl Scouts Federation
This body represents all the scouting organizations operating in Israel, namely: the Hebrew Scouts Movement in Israel, the Israel Arab Scouts (Muslim), the Israel Catholic Scouts, the Israel Greek Orthodox Scouts, the Israel Druze Scouts and the Arab School Scout Association.
The goals of the Federation are to reinforce education for social principles, co-existence and tolerance between Arabs, Jews and Druze; and to educate for loyalty to the state through the development of democratic ideals, mutual help and respect for one another. Additionally, the Israel Boy and Girl Scouts Federation works diligently to develop close international ties with scout organizations throughout the world, and is a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement.
Spokesperson, Hebrew Scouts Movement in Israel
Description of the stamp
The stamp shows a group of senior scouts in the Hebrew Scouts Movement of Israel wearing green ties with a white border, symbolizing counselor status. Elements of the emblem marking the centenary of the World Organization of the Scout Movement appear against the background of a blue sky. The tab shows the round emblem of the Israel Boy and Girl Scouts Federation and the Hebrew Scouts badge against the background of a scouts camp in a nature setting.